Anatomical Pathology

According to current projections, new cancer cases are expected to increase by more than 60% by 2040, from 18.1 million new cases in 2018 to 29.4 million cases in 2040.

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The medical specialty that studies cancer is Anatomical Pathology, which mainly produce diagnoses from the analysis of organic tissues. The biological tissue can be examined in the form of histological slides. This is a complex and analytical activity that  require extreme precision.
In recent years, the histological slide has also become digital due to technological developments. With the digital slide, it is possible to observe the image using a standard computer display.
Every day, the pathologist analyses dozens of physical and/or digital slides to provide an accurate diagnoses.

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The visual feedback of the human eye and brain has, by its very nature, limits.

However, tissue analysis currently relies on the visual feedback of the human eye and brain which, by their nature, have limitations. The ancient sceptics (Pyrrhon, Timon, Arcesilaus, Carneas… yeah Carneas, who was that?) had already observed that, since the senses sometimes deceive us, just as they sometimes deceive us, they can always deceive us and we can never be absolutely sure that we are not mistaken. The sense of sight, in particular, is particularly unreliable, as is clear from the ingenious optical experiments developed by Gestalt psychologists. According to this school, our visual perceptions tend to organise the data from the nervous system according to certain organisational principles and pre-established patterns (proximity, similarity, figure-background, etc.). These ‘interpretations’ of perceptual data give rise to a series of optical illusions of which it is always best to be aware.

SIMILARITY AND PROXIMITY

Within a composition or image, elements that are similar to each other are grouped together and perceived as one element. This similarity may be by shape, color, size, or position.

When the balls are all equidistant, you perceive the shape of a square, but if you separate them by creating a space between them, then you perceive three columns.

COLOUR PERCEPTION

Colour is not a property of the observed object, but the result of light, visual perception and the object. The three aspects that affect the perception of colour are hue, lightness and saturation. Their relationship can give rise to surprising illusions.

Squares A and B have the same colour. It seems incredible, and yet… the brain is tricked by a play of light and shadow. Try to believe!

DIMENSIONS PERCEPTION

The perceived size of two or more objects depends on their location in the spatial context, colours, decorative pattern, etc.

Although the perspective suggestion in the drawing makes the sphere on the right appear bigger, both spheres are precisely the same size.

The Pathologist-Machine combination for a faster and more precise diagnosis.

This is all the more true in the medical branch and, therefore, also in Anatomical Pathology. Due to the nature of their work, pathologists cannot afford to suffer such illusory dynamics…

AEQUIP is a possible solution to these problems: a technological support to the pathologist in all diagnostic phases, to help him to provide increasingly precise and accurate diagnoses, limiting to the minimum the possibility of errors, gestalt or not.

AEQUIP is based on the most innovative technologies available today: Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning and Deep Learning. All duly correlated with the statistical and mathematical parameters of the treated pathologies.

A complex system that is commonly defined as “M.D.I.”. Mathematical Driven Intelligence.

The Pathologist-Machine combination for a faster and more precise diagnosis.

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